In the late 2000s the fourth generation of mobile connectivity began making waves. 4 G made mobile internet velocities up to 500 times faster than 3 G and allowed mobile HD TV support, high-quality video calls and fast mobile browsing. 4G’s development has been a massive feat for mobile technology, especially in smartphone and tablet evolution.
4 G is popular all over the world now but things are about to change again. The Internet of Things is now a real possibility and 4 G will not be able to manage the enormous number of connections that the network will have. More than 20bn connected devices are expected to exist by 2020, all of which will require a connection with great capacity. It is here that 5 G comes into effect.
5 G recently started creating a hype when we saw the first trials of the network capabilities taking place. Moreover, some of 5G’s capabilities were demonstrated in PyeongChang during the 2018 Winter Games, making the games the most exciting for both fans and participants to date.
Simply put, it’s widely believed that 5 G is smarter, faster and more efficient than 4G. It promises mobile data speeds that far outweigh the fastest home broadband network that consumers currently have. 5 G is set to be as much as 100 times faster than 4 G, with speeds of up to 100 gigabits per second.
Low latency is a major differentiator of 4 G to 5G. Latency is the time that passes from the moment that the information is sent from a device until the receiver can use it. Reduced latency means your mobile device connection could be used as a replacement for your cable modem and Wi-Fi. You will also be able to access and upload files quickly and easily, without having to worry about unexpectedly crashing the network or computer. You would also almost instantly be able to watch a 4 K video without having to experience any buffering time.
5 G can fix the bandwidth problems. There are so many different devices currently connected to 3 G and 4 G networks that they do not have the infrastructure to effectively cope with them. Current devices and emerging technologies, such as driverless cars and connected home products, will be handled by 5G.
But it’s important to note that all of these ideas are only theoretical, so it will take a lot of government so mobile network operators to make them functional. There is always a need to work out the security element of 5 G too. 5 G opens the door to a new level of threat, with a greater number of users and improved services. Governments and network providers must ensure that they have the appropriate protection standard in place before 5 G can be rolled out.