Great Wall of China (China): Constructed between 5th Century B.C. And the Great Mural of China in the 16th century is a stone-and-earth fortification created to protect the borders of the Chinese Empire from the invasion of Mongols. In addition, The Great Wall is a series of multiple walls spanning about 4,000 miles, making it the longest manmade structure in the world.
Statue of Christ the Redemptor (Rio de Janeiro): Since 1931, in an awe-inspiring state of eternal blessing, the Art Deco-style Christ the Redeemer statue has loomed over the Brazilians from the Corcovado mountain. The 130-foot concrete-and-soapstone reinforced statue was designed by Heitor da Silva Costa and cost around $250,000 to build-much of the money was raised through donations. For Rio and Brazil the statue has become an easily recognized icon.
Peru (Machu Picchu): Machu Picchu, a precariously perched Incan town of sparkling granite between two towering Andes peaks, is thought by scholars to have been a sacred archeological center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco. This mountain citadel was built at the peak of the Incan Empire in the mid-1400s and was later abandoned by the Incas. Except for local residents, the site remained unknown until 1911, when it was rediscovered by archaeologist Hiram Bingham. The site is only accessible by foot, train or helicopter; most tourists come by train from nearby Cusco.
Chichen Itza (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico): In the splendid ruins of Chichen Itza you can see the genius and adaptability of Mayan culture. This powerful city, a trade center for clothes, slaves, honey and salt, flourished from about 800 to 1200 and served as the Mayan civilization’s political and economic hub. The most famous ruin on the site is the complex astronomical observatory, El Caracol.
The Roman Colosseum (Rome):Rome’s most enduring icon, if not Italy’s, is undoubtedly their Colosseum. Made by A.D. It was in use for some 500 years 70 A.D. and 80 A.D. Close to 50,000 spectators sat in the elliptical structure, gathering to watch the gladiatorial events as well as other public spectacles including battle reenactments, animal hunts and executions. The Colosseum has been left in a state of ruin by earthquakes and stone robbers, but portions of the structure remain open to tourists, and its design still influences the construction of modern amphitheaters some 2,000 years later.
Taj Mahal (Agra, India):Between 1632 and 1648 a mausoleum commissioned for the wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was built the Taj Mahal. The white marble structure, considered the most perfect specimen of muslim art in India, actually represents a number of architectural styles, including Persian, Islamic, Turkish and Indian.Also, the Taj Mahal includes formal gardens with elevated pathways, sunken flower beds and a linear reflecting pool.
Petra (Jordan):Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985, Petra was the capital of King Aretas IV’s Nabataean empire, and possibly existed from 9 B.C in its prime. To D.A. 40. 40. Early experts in manipulating water technology, building intricate tunnels and water chambers, the members of this civilization proved to be helping to create a pseudo-oasis.A variety of impressive stone-carved walls, a 4,000-seat amphitheatre, and the El-Deir monastery have helped the site achieve its prominence.